Understanding the Symptoms of ADHD
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is known to affect millions of children and adults around the world.
Most children who have ADHD tend to find it difficult to concentrate or pay attention. Following directions is a challenge and they tend to get easily frustrated and bored with performing tasks. Adults too face the repercussions of ADHD.
Commonly Experienced Symptoms in Children :
Symptoms of ADHD are usually classified into three categories – Inattention, Impulsiveness and Hyperactivity. An ADHD child will be often found to be;
· Easily distracted
· Finding it difficult to finish tasks or follow instructions
· Appears not to be listening when someone is speaking
· Makes careless mistakes and finds it difficult to pay attention
· Is not able to remember routine activities
· Is not able to organize routine tasks
· Does not enjoy activities that require you to sit still.
· Easily loses things and personal items
· Daydreams very often
· Is fidgety, squirms or bounces when made to sit still
· Is not able to play without making noise
· Is always on the move, i.e., running, climbing, jumping, etc.
· Is known to talk excessively
· Has difficulty waiting for his or her turn
· Does not have the patience to listen to the full question before blurting out an answer
· Interrupts conversations.
Commonly Experienced Symptoms in Adults
Symptoms of this condition may be quite different in adults than that in children. Also, these symptoms may be a direct correlation to ADHD or may be due to some other behavioral issue.
· Individual is chronically late or forgetful
· Has low self-esteem
· Finds it difficult to control one’s anger
· Is impulsive by nature
· Is prone to addiction or substance abuse
· Is not able to organize easily.
· Frequent procrastination
· Low tolerance levels
· Easily frustrated and bored
· Cannot concentrate while reading
· Experiences mood swings
· Has constant relationship problems
While ADHD is a condition that cannot be cured, there are many treatment modalities that help control many of its symptoms. This includes employing various combinations of medications such as Adrafinil and employing other psychosocial therapies.
Many medicines such as Concerta, Dexedrine, Adrafinil, Metadate, Ritalin, etc help control hyperactivity, impulsive behavior and help enhance attention span.
However, it is important to remember that some stimulant drugs have avoidable side effects on children. In such cases, your doctor may prescribe non-stimulant medications, especially if your child is older than 6.
Psychosocial therapies on the other hand involve pursuing special education that is designed to meet the child’s specific needs; behavioral modification strategies that encourage the child to pursue good behavior; and therapies that help the child handle emotions in a more controlled manner.
Additionally, individuals may also be recommended attending social skills training sessions and become members of support groups that help learn more about the disorder and finding ways to tackle it. It is most important that the family members of the child or adult facing ADHD are most supportive to the behavioral progress of the patient.